Affected In A Sentence

Updated Jun 11, 2023

how to use the word "Affected" in a Sentence: A Comprehensive Guide

When it comes to writing, using the right words can greatly enhance the clarity and impact of your message. One such word that is commonly used but often misused is "affected." In this article, we will explore the various meanings and contexts of the word "affected" and provide examples of how to use it correctly in a sentence.

Understanding the Meaning of "Affected"

Before delving into the usage of "affected," it is crucial to grasp its definition. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, "affected" is an adjective that can have several meanings, including:

  1. Influenced or acted upon.
  2. Artificial or pretentious.
  3. Displaying an emotional response, often exaggerated or insincere.

By having a clear understanding of these definitions, you can effectively incorporate "affected" in your writing to convey your intended message.

Using "Affected" in Different Contexts

1. "Affected" as Being Influenced or Acted Upon

One common usage of "affected" is to describe how someone or something has been influenced or acted upon by external factors. Here are a few examples:

  • The recent economic downturn has affected the purchasing power of consumers.
  • The heavy rainstorm last night affected the traffic flow in the city.
  • The teacher's inspiring words affected the students' motivation to excel.

In these sentences, "affected" is used to highlight the impact or influence that one thing has on another.

2. "Affected" as Artificial or Pretentious

Another meaning of "affected" refers to something that is not genuine or is done intentionally to impress others. Consider the following examples:

  • His affected accent made it difficult to understand him.
  • The politician's affected sincerity failed to convince the audience.
  • She dressed in an affected manner to appear more sophisticated.

Here, "affected" is used to describe behavior or mannerisms that are insincere or put on for show.

3. "Affected" as Displaying an Emotional Response

Lastly, "affected" can also describe an exaggerated or insincere display of emotions. Take a look at the following sentences:

  • The actress delivered an affected performance, lacking genuine emotion.
  • He responded to the news with affected surprise, hiding his true feelings.
  • Her affected laughter revealed her discomfort in the situation.

In these examples, "affected" is used to convey a sense of artificiality or exaggeration in the expression of emotions.

Avoiding Common Mistakes with "Affected"

To ensure the proper usage of "affected" in your writing, it is essential to avoid common mistakes. Here are two examples:

  • Incorrect: The storm severely effected the power supply.
  • Correct: The storm severely affected the power supply.

Remember, "affect" is a verb, while "effect" is a noun. In the context of being influenced or acted upon, "affected" is the appropriate form.

  • Incorrect: She was deeply effected by the tragic news.
  • Correct: She was deeply affected by the tragic news.

Again, the verb form "affected" should be used to indicate how someone or something has been influenced emotionally.


Using the word "affected" in a sentence can add depth and precision to your writing. By understanding its various meanings and contexts, you can employ "affected" correctly to convey your intended message. Whether you are describing the influence of external factors, highlighting artificial behavior, or expressing exaggerated emotions, using "affected" appropriately will enhance the clarity and impact of your writing. So go ahead, confidently wield the power of "affected" in your sentences!

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