What Is This In A Sentence

Updated May 8, 2023

What is "this" in a sentence?

If you have ever come across the word "this" while reading or listening to someone speak, you may have wondered what it refers to. "This" is a commonly used pronoun in the English language, but its meaning can vary depending on the context it is used in. In this article, we will explore the different ways "this" can be used in a sentence and provide examples to help you understand its meaning.

Demonstrative Pronoun

One of the most common uses of "this" is as a demonstrative pronoun. In this case, "this" is used to point out or identify a specific person, object, or idea. It is often used to indicate something that is close in distance or time to the speaker. Let's look at some examples:

  1. "This is my new car." (referring to the car close to the speaker)
  2. "I want to buy this dress." (referring to the dress the speaker is holding)
  3. "This is the best movie I have ever seen." (referring to the movie the speaker just watched)

In these examples, "this" is used to refer to something that is physically or conceptually near the speaker.

Demonstrative Adjective

In addition to being a pronoun, "this" can also be used as a demonstrative adjective. In this case, "this" is used to modify a noun and provide additional information about it. Let's see some examples:

  1. "I have been working on this project for months." (modifying the noun "project")
  2. "Can you pass me this book?" (modifying the noun "book")
  3. "This restaurant serves delicious food." (modifying the noun "restaurant")

In these examples, "this" is used to describe or specify a particular noun, giving more clarity to the sentence.

Indicating Time

Another way "this" can be used is to indicate a specific time or moment. It is often used to refer to the present time or a time close to the present. Here are a few examples:

  1. "I can't believe it's already this late." (referring to the current time)
  2. "We need to finish this project by tomorrow." (referring to the following day)
  3. "I'm so excited about this weekend." (referring to the upcoming weekend)

In these examples, "this" is used to indicate a particular time that is either happening now or is about to happen.


In conclusion, the word "this" is a versatile pronoun in the English language. It can be used as a demonstrative pronoun to identify a specific person, object, or idea, as a demonstrative adjective to modify a noun, or to indicate a particular time or moment. Understanding the context in which "this" is used is key to grasping its meaning in a sentence. So, next time you come across "this," pay attention to the surrounding words and you'll have a better understanding of what it refers to.

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